Before reviewing specific reading tips, let’s ensure you know the structure of the ACT Reading section.
WHAT’S THE STRUCTURE OF THE ACT READING SECTION?
The ACT Reading section has 40 questions in 35 minutes. The 40 questions are divided among 4 passages with 10 questions each. The passages always go in this order: prose fiction, social science, humanities, natural science.
Now for the top 10 expert tips…
tip 1: Light your fire
This portion of the exam occurs after the 10 minute break – so you need to be super focused right when you start. As I like to say, this is the time to light your fire! When you sit down for the Reading section, you should feel sharp and focused. Believe that you’re going to find the answers quickly. Pacing is key. Be mentally prepared to sit down and do it.
tip 2: Know your strategy
Many students struggle to finish the Reading section. They can only complete three out of the four passages no matter how much they practice. If you’re one of these students, it makes more sense to spend 11 1/2 minutes on each of three passages and get every question right, and then guess on the last 10 questions. You can get a score in the mid to high 20s with this strategy! If you want a 30 or higher, you’ll have to get through all four passages. Knowing your goal score can help determine the right strategy.
tip 3: Answer the question asked
ACT Reading questions can be sneaky. Sometimes the answer choices will be accurate; they will be real things from the passage, but they won’t answer the question being asked. You must understand: just because something is accurate from the passage doesn’t mean it’s the right answer to that question.
tip 4: Understand your task
The goal isn’t for you to call me after the ACT and tell me every detail about the beautiful reading passage. I want you to call me and tell me how you found every answer. Your job is not to read and then remember for hours or for days; your job is to read so that you’re finding answers to questions. For example, if you had an open book science test, you wouldn’t go to your desk and read the chapter from start to finish. You would identify what a question is asking and then go find the answer. Same thing here. Your job is to play hide-and-go-seek; all the information is there; you just have to find it.
tip 5: Eliminate extremes
If you ever see a question with answers that say “always, never, the best, or the worst,” those answers aren’t correct. The passages won’t describe offensive or extreme situations or beliefs, so those types of answers won’t be correct.
tip 6: Find the answer
Your job is to find the answers. Don’t rely on your memory. Look back in the passage and find the answer that you’re looking for. And remember: make sure you’re answering the question that’s being asked.
tip 7: Read actively
If you find yourself reading and nothing is sinking in, then you must refocus yourself. Take a moment; adjust your posture; close your eyes; take a deep breath. Return to the passage when you can read actively and stay sharp. When you get to a question and it asks about a bug’s mating call, you must be able to go, “Oh yeah, that mating call sentence was right here,” and then find that precise line in the passage. You’ll constantly be going back and forth between the passage and the questions.
tip 8: Know your order
Remember that on the ACT, there are four different types of passages, but that doesn’t mean you have to complete them in order. In fact, many students improve their scores simply by reordering their approach to the passages. Personally, I like to complete the ACT Reading section backwards, doing passage 4, then 3, then 2, then 1. Become familiar through practice exams which passages are your stronger ones and which are your weaker ones. Save your weakest one for last.
tip 9: Underline key information
I say key information because sometimes students will underline every word in the passage. That won’t help. Only underline key information like names or numbers or when the tone or the events shift. If something unexpected or surprising happens, underline that.
tip 10: Never assume
This isn’t your class at school and your teacher isn’t asking you to come up with your own ideas. Your job is to find what’s given to you.
What’s the take home message?
The biggest challenge in the ACT Reading section is finishing within the time limit. The questions don’t get more difficult, so accuracy on the fourth passage (questions 31-40) is attributable to pacing and fatigue, not the difficulty of the questions.
The ACT is testing your ability to read quickly and prioritize information. Studying with Winward Academy can help you incorporate strategies tailored to your individual strengths.
For the other ACT sections, you can also see Expert Tips for ACT English, Expert Tips for ACT Math, and Expert Tips for ACT Science. To learn how the ACT Writing section is organized and different from the SAT Essay, see ACT Writing vs. SAT Essay. Happy studying!
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